Pearland Texas Fairfield Inn
In Tennessee, more than 19,000 people lost power in Memphis, and low-lying roads in the area were flooded with water. Damaged Rockport Hotel Evacuated: More than 100 people were evacuated from the damaged Rockports Hotel as flooding and power outages raged in Nashville, Tennessee. Heavy rains flooded an apartment complex near Nashville and flooded several streets, forcing 13 people to be evacuated.
Across the country, 107 people died in storms - related incidents and the resulting floods have flooded hundreds of thousands of homes, displaced more than 30,000 people and brought more than 17,500 people to safety. More than 48,700 homes were affected by Harvey, including 1,800 in Houston, of which more than 1,000 were completely destroyed, about 32,000 suffered minor damage and more than 17,000 suffered severe damage, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. In Houston alone, flooding reached 4 1 / 2 '' in some areas, flooding homes and forcing hundreds of people to leave their homes in one neighborhood alone.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimated the total damage at $125 billion, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Harvey is the third most powerful hurricane in the National Weather Service's history and the second strongest hurricane on record in Texas, after Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
As Harvey moved inland, it began to weaken rapidly, slowing dramatically and weakening to a tropical storm on August 26. The storm came to a halt over the Texas coast, fell heavily and caused catastrophic flash floods. Harvey's center drifted west for several days and finally returned from the Gulf of Mexico on August 28, the National Weather Service said.
The storm crossed the Windward Islands the following day and made landfall at the southern end of Barbados. Winds left some residents without power for several days, with most outages occurring in the early hours of August 29 and early 30, according to the National Weather Service. Harvey touched down in Puerto Rico on August 31, followed by a second attempt to land off the coast of Texas on September 1 and a third attempt to land near Corpus Christi, Texas, the next day. On September 2, it made its second landfall on the Texas coast, weakening the state slightly to a tropical storm with winds of 50 mph.
According to the National Weather Service, more than 800 flights from Houston and surrounding areas were canceled on September 2 and 3, including flights to and from Houston, Corpus Christi, Dallas-Fort Worth, San Antonio, Austin and Austin-Houston.
In the wake of Harvey, energy production in the Gulf of Mexico fell by about 21%, and production fell from 378,633 barrels per day, equivalent to 1.2 million barrels of oil per day. The Corpus Christi refinery, one of the largest in Texas, was offline for several days, and most of that oil was extracted from sandstone, which is relatively difficult to compress after the oil has been removed. In addition to the affected refineries, more than 1,000 kilometers of pipeline were offline because of flooding.
This process is called subsidence and leads to soil that can be compressed and embedded, or compressed, but not the oil.
The Gulf of Mexico is known for hurricanes in August, and the recent increase in activity is partly related to Atlantic hurricanes forming and passing through it. Certain attributes of these storms are influenced by the warming climate, but the frequency of Hurricane August alone cannot be attributed to global warming. It has been shown that many factors influence local sea surface temperatures, including human heat-induced emissions from heat separators, pollution of the seas with fine dust and acidification of the oceans. Hurricane Irma formed under similar conditions, with unusually warm ocean water in the Atlantic in late August and early September last year.
As Harvey moved further inland, the associated convection was concentrated north of the center of a warm front, indicating that the system was turning into a post-tropical cyclone at 06: 00 UTC that day. Although there was no organized surface, the remnants of Harvey continued to produce significant convection as they crossed the Caribbean and Yucatan Peninsula.
As Harvey moved inland and began to weaken, the watch and warning were adjusted, with the warning ending at 15: 00 UTC on August 26. A tropical cyclone warning for the Gulf of Mexico and a tropical storm warning for Puerto Rico remained in effect through the next day.
NASA's Johnson Space Center was closed to staff and visitors on September 5 because of flooding. All sporting events have been relocated to Kentucky, where storm surges are expected to cause heavy rain and disrupt high school football on Friday night.
The Louisiana National Guard is preparing 500,000 sandbags, and FEMA is working with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources to prepare for the storm and its aftermath. The Louisiana State Police and Louisiana Emergency Management Agency have been put on standby in case of flooding.